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first_imgDr. Darren WilkinsBy Dr. Darren Wilkins (DWilkins@SaharaTechnology.Com  Tel: 0777129092 & 0886703789)When the Government of Liberia through the Ministry of Information, Cultural Affairs and Tourism (MICAT) issued a press release, suspending the licenses and authorizations of all media operators registered from January 1, 2018-June 18, 2018, the print, electronic and social media did not take too kindly to that decision.  Many perceived this move by Government as a “clampdown” or “censorship” of the media. At the risk of sounding like a Government spokesperson, I do not think this is an attempt to strangulate or “clampdown” on the media. Perhaps the “timing” is what’s making folks nervous. But media and telecom operators use Radio Frequency spectrum or RF spectrum, which is managed, monitored and regulated by certain Government entities. These entities must be vigilant, conscientious, and dynamic in performing their tasks, especially when the demand for RF spectrum continues to rise, due to innovation and new technologies. With high demand and heavy use of the RF spectrum, “anomalies” become inevitable. Hence, the need to regularly review or revisit licensing regimes, as part of spectrum management to ensure that the spectrum is being properly used. Today, I have chosen to provide insight into RF spectrum management, strictly from an ICT perspective.RF spectrum is a scarce resource for any country including Liberia, and as such its usage must be properly managed, taking into account the natural phenomenon of its capabilities and constraints. RF spectrum is a key component of the telecommunications infrastructure that underpins the information society. Its importance cannot be overemphasized. It is a limited resource that must be apportioned among users by Government.  The entity charged with the responsibility of managing, monitoring and regulating our RF spectrum is the Liberia Telecommunications Authority or LTA. The LTA remains the regulatory and competition authority charged with the statutory responsibility to ensure a vibrant telecommunications sector in Liberia. It has the responsibility to create an enabling environment that promotes market driven fair competition, which provides accessible and affordable communication services for all.Key on its list of responsibilities is the task of setting regulations for the nation’s RF spectrum; a task that it continues to perform effectively. One of its many regulations is that all users of the RF spectrum, unless otherwise stated, are required to have a spectrum license. Most regulators give exemptions to certain entities including: embassies and international organizations under the Vienna Convention and low power equipment, such as those operating in the 2.4 GHz band used by Wifi, Bluetooth etc. The LTA has a licensing regime which recognizes several types of Licenses. These licenses can be reviewed or revisited as time, technology and demand change, hence the letter from MICAT. In keeping with international standards, the LTA has built up its capacity to manage our RF spectrum, which is critical to our communications infrastructure.  Sometime in 2017, an NGO called Nethope, through the USAID, provided a Spectrum Management and Monitoring solution (LS Observer) to the LTA. This Spectrum management and monitoring solution provides LTA with the foundation of spectrum monitoring capability, including identification of spectrum conflicts, identification of free spectrum, isolation of dead zones in coverage, and locating rogue networks.Ostensibly, innovation and the rate at which technology accelerates require policymakers and regulators to be equipped with the proper tools and capabilities, and position themselves to modernize their spectrum management capabilities within the country. It is equally clear that the sudden rush to exploit RF spectrum for commercial and social benefits, as a result of a blitzkrieg of new technologies and associated acronyms with terms such as DTV, HDTV, DVB-H, GSM, WCDMA, CDMA-2000, DAB, WiMax, WiFi, FWA, and TETRA, necessitates a parallel response on the part of regulators. The LTA experienced a quantum leap in its ability to manage our RF spectrum by installing a spectrum management solution. It (LTA) now has the ability to monitor, establish and maintain or support spectrum inventory activities and enforce spectrum usage policies and procedures. We must applaud them for that!Regulations will continue to evolve to close the communications and connectivity gaps, respond to changes in technology and the skyrocketing data traffic growth. They (regulations) will also continue to deliver on the immense potential of the internet and trending “phenomenon” such as the nascent Internet of Things industry. Therefore, effective spectrum licensing plays a key role in providing operators with access to RF spectrum. If structured correctly, licensing can help ICT sector attract the investment needed to further expand access to communications and enhance the quality and range of services delivered to the people.Next year, the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 or WRC-19 is expected to be held. Governments around the world are expected to build upon the foundations of previous conferences, to identify sufficient spectrum to support the future of the digital society. The WRC-19 is expected to look at spectrum for mobile broadband in frequencies between 24.25 and 86 GHz, thus, making it (WRC-19) essential to fully realizing the 5G vision. But, for now, we in Liberia need to ensure that our RF spectrum is properly managed and not impact any of the freedoms provided in our Constitution. The Government means well and I believe it is not doing anything that has not been done before. We are all cognizant of the fact that our choice of wrong policies, regulations and standards can lock our economy into long periods of economic under-performance, something we cannot afford anymore.  Finally, our RF spectrum is one of the many natural resources that God has endowed us with. The primary objective of Government is to protect the RF spectrum users from harmful interference by one another, but in practice, spectrum management is a source of revenue for the Government. Adopting and managing spectrum reforms that address high-level changes, such as the transition to digital television, the path to third-generation mobile services, launching of wireless fixed broadband services, etc., are necessary if we are serious about improving our sector and economy. Until next week, Carpe diem!!!Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_img-The estranged half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has been killed in Malaysia, a South Korean government source told Reuters on Tuesday.Kim Jong Nam, the older half brother of the North Korean leader, was known to spend a significant amount of his time outside the country and had spoken out publicly against his family’s dynastic control of the isolated state.He was believed to be in his mid-40s.Police in Malaysia told Reuters on Tuesday an unidentified North Korean man had died en route to hospital from Kuala Lumpur airport on Monday. Abdul Aziz Ali, police chief for the Sepang district, said the man’s identity had not been verified.An employee in the emergency ward of Putrajaya hospital said a deceased Korean there was born in 1970 and surnamed Kim.South Korea’s TV Chosun, a cable television network, said that Kim was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport by two women believed to be North Korean operatives, who were at large, citing multiple South Korean government sources.The South Korean government source who spoke to Reuters did not immediately provide further details.South Korea’s foreign ministry said it could not confirm the reports, and the country’s intelligence agency could not immediately be reached for comment.Kim Jong Nam and Kim Jong Un are both sons of former leader Kim Jong Il, who died in late 2011, but they had different mothers.Kim Jong Nam was believed to be close to his uncle, Jang Song Thaek, who was North Korea’s second most powerful man before being executed on Kim Jong Un’s orders in 2013.In 2001, Kim Jong Nam was caught at an airport in Japan traveling on a fake passport, saying he had wanted to visit Tokyo Disneyland. He was known to travel to Hong Kong, Macau and mainland China.He said several times over the years that he had no interest in leading his country.”Personally I am against third-generation succession,” he told Japan’s Asahi TV in 2010, before his younger had succeeded their father.”I hope my younger brother will do his best for the sake of North Koreans’ prosperous lives.”last_img read more

first_imgBy Stacy M. Brown, NNPA Newswire Correspondent, @StacyBrownMediaSince the founding of the Black Press 192 years ago, African American-owned newspapers have served their communities in ways that no other publications have.Historically, these publications have operated on “shoe-string” budgets, are usually understaffed, and also face other severe limitations. Yet, the Black Press always has maintained its mission as the voice of Black America.That tradition has held true through many transitions and has continued during the 79-year history of the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA). The NNPA is the trade organization representing America’s Black-owned newspapers and media companies. The organization’s members serve millions of readers that rely on the Black Press to provide content not regularly found in other media.For many, the Black Press is just as essential to the culture of the community as the Black church.“It is undeniable that the Black church and the Black Press have been, and continue to be, the foundational pillars of Black America’s long struggle for freedom, justice, equality and empowerment,” said NNPA President and CEO Dr. Benjamin F. Chavis, Jr.“We know first-hand the power of the pen and we remain committed to helping to ensure and to mentor the next generation of freedom-fighting publishers, editors and journalists,” Chavis said.On March 16, 1827, The Rev. Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm made history by publishing “Freedom’s Journal,” the nation’s first Black newspaper.NNPA Chairman Dorothy R. Leavell, who publishes the Chicago and Gary Crusader newspapers, has often described “Freedom’s Journal” as courageous and she regularly cites the newspaper’s motto as one that remains a focus of the Black Press today.“We wish to tell our own story,” Leavell said, quoting Russwurm and Cornish’s mission that, “for too long others have spoken for us, but we wish to tell our own story.”Circulated in 11 states and in Europe, Canada and Haiti, “Freedom’s Journal” provided international, national and local details pertinent to the Black community. They denounced slavery and lynching and, among the many features that endeared the newspaper to its readers, were African American community-based marriage, birth and death announcements.Soon, other Black-owned papers like the Savannah Tribune, The Afro-American in Baltimore, the Indianapolis Recorder, and The Philadelphia Tribune began publishing.Those newspapers and others, like the Pittsburgh Courier, the New Journal and Guide in Virginia, and The Kansas City Call, have maintained the tradition and continue to deliver news and insights today.The NNPA honors the history and legacy of the Black Press via The Black Press Archives and Gallery of Distinguished Publishers at Howard University.Each year during Black Press Week in Washington, DC, a NNPA member is posthumously enshrined in the Archives and Gallery.“It’s so important we remember our past and remember those whose shoulders we stand upon,” Chavis said.As community-focused publishers, the news that appears in NNPA’s member publications affects the day-to-day lives of their readership. For example, in Dallas, Texas, where voters recently elected a new mayor, U.S. congressman and Dallas County District Attorney.For many in Dallas’ African American community, these much-needed changes were underscored through the resilient coverage of the city’s Black-owned North Dallas Gazette, which for decades has provided some of the most in-depth coverage of local elections for a publication of its size.“We regularly inform our readers on the bills and positions offered by our new congressman and last year, we featured several stories on criminal justice and bail reform,” said the paper’s publisher Thurman Jones.Since its first issue nearly 50 years ago, the South Florida-based Westside Gazette has maintained the high level of professional, insightful and reader-sensitive reporting that has gained the trust and respect of South Florida’s African American community.Two of its signature events – “Sweet Potato Pie, Politics and Ice Cream,” and “The White Hat Gala,” – have proven a hit throughout the Sunshine State.“The ‘Sweet Potato Pie, Politics and Ice Cream’ event is where our politicians come out and actually serve the audience sweet potato pie and ice cream,” said Westside Gazette publisher, Bobby Henry.“It’s really unique and it gives an opportunity for an intimate formal discussion with those who are vying for political position,” he said.The “White Hat Gala,” counts as a fundraiser for Sickle Cell Disease.The Toledo Journal Newspaper in Toledo, Ohio, has been publishing since 1975 and, like the content found throughout its pages, its slogan is an attention-grabber: “Everybody is Somebody in The Toledo Journal.”“This has made a difference in making our Black community feel important,” said the newspaper’s publisher, Sandra S. Stewart.“Over the years, we have had an impact in the areas of business, political, social, recreational, religious, and sports, in our community. So, our readers believe in us and know we are fair to our community,” she said.The impact of the legacy, history and challenges met and overcome by members of the Black Press has not been lost on or squandered by today’s NNPA members. While the Black Press has expanded to include cities and communities throughout the country, including New York, Washington, South Carolina, New Orleans, St. Louis, Chicago, Texas, and California, member publishers have continued to live up to the civil rights mantra of “Soldiers without Swords.”last_img read more

first_imgDaniell’s Tavern brings Navratri in a bang of flavours with satvik cuisine in a traditional thali, for a satiating dining experience while you fast. Our chefs have carefully put together temple food on a delicious platter featuring Sabudana Khichdi, Chironji Ki Dal, Kabab-e-Kela, Kheere Ka Pakoda and Makhana kheer to satiate you every bit.When: October -13-22, Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Timings: 6:30 pm-11:45 pm Price for two: 5000+ taxesKheere ka pakodaChef Prem Pogakula, the executive Sous Chef of The Imperial, New Delhi, shares his recipe of Kheere ke pakode, a Navratra special dish at ‘Daniell’s Tavern’.Ingredients:-Kuttu ka atta- 60gmsKaloungi– 5gmsSendha Namak- to tasteGrated boiled potato 80gmsGrated cucumber 80gmsShredded Spinach-60gmsWater- 80mlOil to deep fryDahi Aur Kheerre ke chutneyThick curd-100gmsGrated cucumber-40gmsSendha Namak-to tasteA pinch of turmeric tempered and a tea spoon of hot ghee Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixMethod:-For chutneyMix all the ingredients and check for seasoning.For pakodaMix all the above ingredients and make thick batter consistence and check for seasoning.Heat oil in a pan and make small dumpling from the mixture.Now Deep fry the dumpling till golden brown and till cooked from inside.Serve hot with dahi chutney.last_img read more

first_img This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Thanks to next-generation mobile broadband services, more business data are moving faster in more places than ever.Except perhaps one: The wireless network in your shop.Chances are good that your wireless network is probably still plugged into a traditional cable modem, phone-company DSL line or, if yours is a bigger business, a broadband digital data option.CradlePoint Wireless 3G/4G RouterBut one start-up, CradlePoint, is offering cellular-company-provided data access in a fixed office. The Boise, Idaho-based company has developed a line of 4G/3G office routers that connect to Verizon’s LTE super-fast cellular-data network, as well as networks from the other big carriers, including Sprint and AT&T, and others such as Cricket and Comcast.CradlePoint’s 4G/3G routers cleverly allow several users to share a single cell Web data account. We’ve been testing CradlePoint’s MBR95, a wireless 4G/3G router, to get a sense of what this all-for-one, one-for-all wireless-data approach can — and can’t — do for office wireless networks.We found that, although it’s unlikely users will want to ditch their cable Internet altogether, adding cellular capability to an office network can offer attractive benefits the small-business owner.What You GetCradlePoint’s 4G routers offer what the company calls “always on” Internet. CradlePoint devices such as the MBR95, which retails at about $120, connect both a user’s cellular modem and, if configured, traditional access options like a cable modem.This way, the cellular network isn’t so much an all-in-one data solution, but a reliable backup. In other words, if the cable Internet goes out, the cellular data network kicks in so that users won’t have to wait for tech support to fix the problem before getting on with business.For Ken Hosac, CradlePoint’s director of product management, “always on” Internet is the company’s killer app, especially as more business activities are done in the cloud.”If you’re starting your own business, you’re not likely to go out and get large exchange server like in the old days. You’re probably going to get a subscription to Google apps,” he says. “Everything you use for your business, such as email, applications, is up in the cloud. So that network connection is even more important now.”What you might like: Users will like being able to share across-the-board access to 4G networks like Verizon’s. When it’s available, it’s just plain fast. The MBR95 we tested allows for 32 different wireless connections, and some of CradlePoint’s higher-end enterprise products allow for more than 100. CradlePoint supports a hefty number of modems and data carriers and its MBR95 supports 100-plus different devices and several dozen carriers.We found the set-up largely foolproof: Boot up the modem, connect the router and then create your wireless network through an easy-to-use, first-time set-up tool. Web access fired right up. Expect to spend less than half an hour creating both a private wireless network and a public guest network, which blocks off access to administrative features. That is not bad.Set up was so easy, you could take this unit with you when you travel.What you might not like: You are on your own when it comes to paying for — and managing — data use through your service provider. In other words, you better know your data deal if you want to avoid overage charges.If your data is capped, say at 5GB per month, which is Verizon’s standard introductory plan, overage charges are $10 for every GB you go over. That’s not terrible for single users. One GB is about 25 web pages per day, but mix in everybody else in the office and it can add up fast.Though a business can make such limits work — most firms obey some sort of data limit with a mobile data plan — unless you actively track usage, which is a science in itself, a business generally does not want to rely exclusively on the cellular-data access.Hosac says CradlePoint is planning to add a data-management feature this fall which will allow users to track their data and receive reminders or shut off the service when it gets close to running over.Bottom line: Though it’s far from the ultimate small-business data solution, CradlePoint is an intriguing option for the more mobile small business. If you do it right, and count your digital usage, you really can have a single office data-connectivity plan that works both in a fixed location and on the go.And that is compelling enough capability to make it worth at least some techno trial and error. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now August 3, 2011 4 min read Enroll Now for Freelast_img read more