The town of Sharpeville will forever be entrenched in South Africa’s rich history. (Image: If I Could Blog)South Africa’s Human Rights Day, 21 March – declared International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination by the UN – is synonymous with the historic township Sharpeville, situated between the industrial cities of Vanderbijlpark and Vereeniging about 50 kilometres south of Johannesburg.The day, sometimes also called Heroes’ Day, was a watershed in the country’s liberation struggle, hence its inclusion in South Africa’s post-apartheid calendar. Yet more than 55 years on, the question still surfaces: what exactly happened that morning?“With hindsight, the story is simple,” Journalist Joe Tlholoe, who was a high school pupil at the time, wrote years later. “The PAC, which was 16 days short of its first birthday, had called on African men to leave their pass books at home, go to the nearest police station and demand to be arrested for not carrying the dompas.”The apartheid pass laws humiliated African men in particular. Every indigenous African male above the age of 16 had to carry his dompas day and night and produce it on demand by the police. Failure to produce your pass or forgetting it at home, or not having the right stamp, meant arrest and jail.“When the police in Sharpeville saw the masses marching towards them, they panicked and opened fire, killing the 69 and injuring hundreds,” Tlholoe wrote. “The country went up in flames as anger spread through townships across the country. More were killed in the days after Sharpeville.”The timeline shows how it came to be such an important day in South Africa’s history:A group, to become known as the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), breaks away from the African National Congress (ANC) on 2 November 1958;The PAC holds its inaugural congress at Soweto’s Orlando Communal Hall between 6 and 8 April 1959;Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, a 34-year-old lecturer in African languages at Wits University at the time, opens the congress and is elected president;In his first speech, he outlines the PAC’s policies and paints a picture of a South Africa after liberation that is non-racial, democratic and socialist;In July 1959, Sobukwe announces that the PAC will embark on a programme of “positive action” against oppression;In December 1959, he announces that the first target will be the pass laws;Sobukwe leads a march to Orlando Police Station in March 1960, where he and the party’s leadership are arrested, just after they learned of the massacre in Sharpeville;The journey to the recognition of basic human rights, now entrenched in the Bill of Rights in South Africa’s post-1994 Constitution, has begun in earnest.This is the timeline of the aftermath of the massacre:On 30 March 1960, following the declaration of a state of emergency, thousands of black people are arrested throughout the country;On 8 April 1960, the National Party (NP) government, under the leadership of apartheid architect Hendrik Verwoerd, bans the PAC and ANC, forcing the two movements to go underground and eventually into exile;The days of peaceful protest are over;In December 1961, the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto weSizwe, detonates its first bombs;Sobukwe, first sentenced to three years’ imprisonment on Robben Island for leading the anti-pass law protests, is kept in jail indefinitely under a special amendment to the General Laws Amendment Act – the Sobukwe Clause – which is rushed through Parliament;Released from Robben Island and banished to Kimberley in 1968, Sobukwe is already ill, and dies from cancer 10 years later, but the march for human rights and dignity continues;In 1986, under heavy pressure, rightist president PW Botha repeals the pass and influx control laws which curtailed the movement of blacks in their country of birth.On 8 May 1996, the ANC-led government choses Sharpeville as the venue to launch South Africa’s new Constitution, signed by its first democratically elected president, Nelson Mandela.
Brand South Africa and The Odd Number agency bagged yet another award at the 2019 Loeries that took place in Durban this weekend, receiving a silver award in the category Film Online (above 30s), for the Africa Day: The Prayer campaign. The Loeries is the most prestigious creative festival across Africa and the Middle East. For the 40th year now, the Loeries reward, inspire and acknowledge creative brilliance in the brand communication space for Africa and the Middle East. The standard of excellence makes it an extremely competitive space, encouraging South Africans in the industry to push the boundaries, whether it be through film or art of any form. The Prayer campaign, coincided with the recent attacks on foreign nationals in KwaZulu-Natal, served as a reminder for Africans to exercise compassion, tolerance and acceptance of each other. If ever we needed a reminder that we are united in our diversity and differences, this campaign served that purpose. Viewers were captured by the intense emotions depicted in the advert.Last week Durban was abuzz during The Loeries Creative Week, as creatives gathered to engage in conversation on how to Tell Better Stories, and in so doing, raise the bar even for aspiring filmmakers, producers, graphic designers and content producers. Brand South Africa was an active participant and partner in The Loeries, successfully hosted a Masterclass under the theme: Telling Better South African Stories: My S’African Identity on Thursday morning. The panel of experts from every corner of the creative industry; Loyiso Bala (Channel Director: TBN Africa), Mathe Okaba (CEO: ACA), Suhana Gordhan (Creative Director: FCB Global), Shani Kay (MD: Regency Global) and Yaron Assabi (Founder and director: Digital Solutions Group), explored ways in which the industry can elevate the Nation Brand through our unique storytelling. The outcome? Everyone in the room was reminded that people are at the heart of storytelling.Brand South Africa calls on Africans to endorse a culture of social inclusivity, advocating for a better Africa for all who live in it to prosper.Watch the ad here:
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Built on quality, integrity, and innovation, we pioneered liquid fertilizer – first in the United States in 1946 and later in Canada in 1973 – formulated to meet the nutritional demands of crops and growing conditions on both sides of the border. We will be celebrating our Ohio roots today, Friday, April 8, 2016.Our two founding companies, The Na-Churs Plant Food Company and Alpine Plant Foods Corporation, captivated growers’ attention and revolutionized farming practices by developing seed-safe, liquid phosphate starters that kick-start strong, early root growth and maximize crop yields. In 1998, The Na-Churs Plant Food Company acquired Alpine Plant Foods Corp. and formed Nachurs Alpine Solutions.Today, an ever-increasing number of farmers in every state and province rely on our in-furrow fertilizer starters, fertigation products, foliar nutrition, and micronutrients on nearly every row crop, fruits, and vegetables. These are just a few reasons why NACHURS is “Always the Innovator, Never the Imitator”.Nachurs Alpine Solutions is a specialty chemical company that formulates, markets and distributes liquid nutrient materials throughout North America. The liquid fertilizers sold by Nachurs Alpine Solutions are true solution materials that are normally sold by the gallon. In addition to the agricultural product lines, Nachurs Alpine Solutions manufactures and sells similar products to the industrial and service industries.For more information visit www.nachurs.com.
Candidates of the three major political parties in Odisha — Biju Janata Dal (BJD), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Congress — filed their nomination papers for the Bijepur Assembly bypoll on Monday, the last day of the exercise.The nominees — Rita Sahu of the BJD, Sanat Gartia of the BJP and Dillip Panda of the Congress –— went in procession one after another and submitted their papers before the Returning Officer at the Sub-Collector’s office in Padampur.The bypoll was necessitated after Chief Minister and BJD president Naveen Patnaik vacated Bijepur and retained the Hinjili seat in his home district Ganjam in south Odisha. He had won from both the seats in the Assembly elections held simultaneously with the Lok Sabha polls earlier this year.Ex-MLA in frayMs. Sahu had won from Bijepur as a BJD candidate in 2018 by a margin of over 41,000 votes when a bypoll was held in the constituency following the death of her husband and then Congress MLA Subal Sahu.BJP nominee Mr. Gartia had unsuccessfully contested from Bijepur in the last Assembly election. He was defeated by Mr. Patnaik by a margin of over 57,000 votes.Congress nominee Mr. Panda, who is vice-president of the Bargarh unit of the party, is contesting Assembly election for the first time. The constituency is all set to witness a triangular fight among the three parties as has happened in the last two polls. The BJD stands at an advantageous position since the Chief Minister is likely to campaign in Bijepur. While announcing Ms. Sahu’s name as his party’s nominee on Saturday, Mr. Patnaik had said that Bijepur will continue to be a focus constituency for him.The bypoll is scheduled for October 21, when more than 2,32,000 voters will exercise their franchise in 285 polling booths. The counting of votes will be done on October 24.
Arsenal aim to close Denis Suarez deal with Barcelona on Mondayby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal hope to close a deal for Barcelona midfielder Denis Suarez on Monday.The 25-year-old is surplus to requirements at the Nou Camp, and is believed to be keen on a move to join the Gunners this month.According to Gazzetta dello Sport journalist Nicolo Schira, Emery will push for a deal that included an option to buy at the end of the season.He tweeted: “Arsenal is continuing to talk with Barcelona for Denis Suarez (agreement with Sanllehi).”Unai Emery has offered a transfer on loan with option to buy. Blaugrana prefers a permanent deal.”Monday there will be new contacts between Gunners and Barca.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Warren Buffett has a great investment track record. So perhaps it’s no accident that he declined to offer $1 billion for correctly predicting the outcome of all World Cup knockout stage games, as he did for the NCAA men’s basketball tournament games.The odds of winning Buffett’s NCAA challenge were about one in 7.4 billion, assuming you chose the favorite in each game as selected by FiveThirtyEight’s NCAA model. But the odds of correctly filling out a 16-team knockout tournament such as the World Cup are much shorter.In fact, though there have been some thrilling matches in the knockout stage so far — six of 12 have gone to extra time and only two were decided by more than one goal — the favorite has advanced every time (at least as according to the FiveThirtyEight’s World Cup predictions).Here is the breakdown so far. The following table lists the win probability for the FiveThirtyEight favorite as of the day of the match, along with the cumulative probability of the model having called all knockout stages correctly up to that point in time.For instance, the probability of correctly identifying the winners in each of the first four knockout matches — Brazil over Chile, Colombia over Uruguay, the Netherlands over Mexico and Costa Rica over Greece — was about 23 percent, or one chance in 4.3. And the chance of going 12 for 12, as the FiveThirtyEight favorites have done so far, is just one in 75.It’s an upset, in other words, when all the favorites prevail. On average, we’d have expected three or four upsets through this point in the knockout round.Of course, there are four matches left — counting the World Cup’s third-place playoff between the two semifinal losers. According to the FiveThirtyEight forecasts, Brazil is favored over Germany on Tuesday (even after accounting for Neymar’s injury) and Argentina is slightly favored over the Netherlands on Wednesday. To complete a perfect knockout bracket, Germany would then need to beat the Netherlands in the consolation game while Brazil prevailed over Argentina in the final.All of the remaining matches look pretty close, so the FiveThirtyEight forecasts are likely to fail at some stage. If the model gets the matches right, however, it will have made good on a 1-in-553 chance of calling all 16 knockout stage winners correctly.Incidentally, this isn’t the huge success for the FiveThirtyEight model that it might seem. The FiveThirtyEight forecasts are probabilistic. Teams listed as 75 percent favorites are supposed to win about 75 percent of the time over the long run — not much less than that but also not any more often. There are supposed to be some upsets. If 75 percent favorites are winning 100 percent of the time over the long run instead, that means the forecasts are miscalibrated and overestimating the chances for the underdogs.In this case, the success of the favorites does seem to be mostly a matter of luck. Three games have gone to a penalty shootout so far — pre-match favorites might have a slight edge in those but not much of one. Mexico, meanwhile, was a few minutes away from defeating the Netherlands, and the U.S. was a few inches away from beating Belgium.The best way to test probabilistic forecasts is to check their calibration and to compare them against alternative probabilistic estimates. For example, if your model says that the U.S. has a 40 percent chance of beating Belgium and the consensus betting line gives the U.S. just a 25 percent chance instead, you should bet on the Americans — even though you expect Belgium to win most of the time. So far, the FiveThirtyEight forecasts have done well against consensus betting lines when used in this fashion — although that could reflect good luck, too.
Despite recent struggles on the PGA Tour, Tiger Woods’ play on the par-5 holes at the 2012 Memorial Tournament has him in contention after one round. Woods carded a 2-under-par 70 during the first round of the 2012 Memorial Tournament at Muirfield Village Golf Club in Dublin, Ohio. Woods walked off the 18th green one stroke off the lead, though he has sense fallen into a tie for 11th place as American Scott Stallings jumped to the top of the leader board after posting a 6-under-par 66 first round score. The 2-under-par score comes after what some consider underachievement in the three tournaments leading up to the Memorial Tournament. After finishing tied for 40th (-5-strokes) at The Masters, missing the cut for the Wells Fargo Championship and tying for 40th (-1) at The Players Championship, Woods said he feels like he’s “perking up” after one round of play in Dublin. “Well, I think I was just consistent all day,” Woods said. “I didn’t do … anything great and I didn’t do anything poorly. I was just very consistent. And I think with the way the golf course being the way it’s set up, you just have to be that way.” In order to finish his round 2-under-par, Woods took advantage of nearly every opportunity he had on Muirfield’s four par-5 holes, birdying three times while also posting a par. After paring holes 1-4, Woods tracked into negative territory when he birdied the 527-yard fifth hole. Two holes later, he birdied the 563-yard seventh. Woods saved par on the 11th, but said he wasn’t satisfied with that result. “The one on 11 should have been a birdie, as well,” Woods said. “I hit two really nice shots in there.” Woods bounced back and went to 4-under-par for the round when he birdied the 15th hole. The lone blemish on Woods’ round was a double-bogey on 18. After Woods finished his round, he said his play on the par-5 holes was productive for a change. “Well, I haven’t played the par-5’s particularly well the last few tournaments, and today was a good example (of how well I’m playing),” Woods said. “I played (the par-5’s) great. I feel very pleased with the way I hit the golf ball all day, and it was nice to actually play the par-5’s under par for a change.” Second-round play at the Memorial Tournament begins Friday at 7:20 a.m.
Roma sporting director Ramon Monchi has pleaded with the club fans to exercise patience as they work on rediscovering their form.The Spaniard has been under scrutiny for his poor transfer business over the summer, with the exit of Alisson, Kevin Strootman and Radja Nainggolan all slowing down the club’s progress.However, Nainggolan’s sale did bring Zaniolo in exchange, and the youngster has been one of the bright lights so far.“I think the fans will eventually begin to understand what my idea is,” Monchi assured in an interview with Football Italia, which will be broadcast in full on New Year’s Day.Chris Smalling open to a permanent AS Roma deal Andrew Smyth – September 6, 2019 Chris Smalling can “definitely see a longer-term future” for himself at AS Roma should things work out on his loan spell from Manchester United.“I know that there’s no time in football, but I know the way we work and I hope we’ll be right.“As for Zaniolo, when we were negotiating we had two requests: him and [Andrei] Radu. Radu had already gone to Genoa though.“Inter didn’t want to sell Zaniolo, they’re not stupid, but given that they wanted to take Radja it was only logical they’d have to give something up.“The deal wouldn’t have collapsed without Zaniolo, it wasn’t an either/or situation. I have to say, I didn’t think Zaniolo would be so decisive right away.”