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first_imgThe keynote interview with award-winning Liberian novelist Saah Millimono, conducted by Hawa Jande Golakai, another young Liberian novelist, produced some startling, never-before disclosures about Millimono, leaving the audience sighing with inspiration as his debut novel, Boy, Interrupted, launched last Friday in Monrovia.Golakai, who also helped edit the manuscript for Boy, Interrupted, was also listed in 2014 as as one of Africa’s top 39 authors under the age of 40, is also a medical scientist.  Her own debut novel, The Lazarus Effect, has won several awards on the African Continent.“I feel great to be in conversation with Saah about this piece of literary work that has helped to expand Liberian history,” Golakai said.She added that one of the amazing things about Saah is that he improves on criticism and dedicates himself to his work.”If you want to write,” Saah told the audience, many of whom were high school students and aspiring writers, “you have to be patient.”  He speaks with a high-pitched voice distortion due to an apparent hearing impairment.  “Don’t rush.  Sometimes I sit for two hours to write, and I come up with maybe only three sentences… then I have to wait for a still, small voice in my mind to tell me what I should write.”“I have never had a family and since boyhood have had to live in different places and with relatives, until finally I started living on my own.”Saah attended the St. Kizito Catholic School, and then St. Michael’s, from where he graduated. From petty trading he tried to earn a living until he landed his first job at the Daily Observer newspaper as a literary columnist.The video of the full interveiw will be published online shortly. The Liberian Association of Writers (LAW), provided advisory support for the launch event.  Its president, Mr. Llord Aidoo, described Boy, Interrupted as “an architecture of history translated into literature.”Kate Haines, an associate editor of Kwani Trust, publisher of Boy, Interrupted and sponsor of the launch event, sent a message, read by Liberian writer, James Dwalu: “Because of the distinct quality of  the voice in which Saah wrote Boy Interrupted, the novel has received lots of acclaim from readers in and out of Nairobi.”The whole of Kwani Trust team has been impressed by Saah Millimono’s truthfulness and commitment to his writing… a story that takes us from the narrator’s difficult childhood years in Monrovia to a meeting with Kou, the beautiful girl who will change his life forever. Together they will witness their country’s descent into war and near cataclysmic destruction. Their love is tested by separation, loss, heartbreak, and emerges triumphant against all odds.”Bai Best, who has been an advisor to Millimono, said that “his style of writing stirs the reader’s mind and generates a thirst to know more.”Although Millimono is often misunderstood because of certain impairments he happens to have, the achievements he has made thus far demonstrate some important lessons for all of us to learn,” Best told the audience.He said further that Saah’s talent has taken him to lots of places that are not necessarily physical, but which no doubt enable him to add value to the human experience. Hookies Badio, who spoke on behalf of several students attending the launch said, that from the explanations about this novel, it is excellent piece of literature that should be made available for school consumption. Also in attendance were dignitaries from the Ministry of Education, the American Embassy, Stella Maris Polytechnic University, as well as officials of the Liberia Collective Societies and the Liberia Copyright Office.An excerpt of Boy, Interrupted is published in todays’ edition of LIB Life, the Daily Observer’s arts section.  Another excerpt will be read “in character” at Soul Sessions, a monthly open mic event held at Tides the Bar, on Friday, May 1. Copies of the novel will be on sale at the Soul Sessions event at $10 per copy.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_imgGalactic Habitable Zone, where a star must be located (09/29/2009);Circumstellar Habitable Zone, the right radius from the star where liquid water can exist (10/08/2010);Continuously Habitable Zone, because too much variety can be lethal (07/21/2007);Temporal Habitable Zone, because habitable zones do not last forever (10/27/2008);Chemical and Thermodynamic Habitable Zone, where water can be liquid (12/30/2003);Ultraviolet Habitable Zone, free from deadly radiation (08/15/2006);Tidal Habitable Zone, which rules out most stars that are small (02/26/2011).Stable Obliquity Habitable Zone (1/12/2012)Stellar Chemistry Habitable Zone (this entry) The list will probably continue to grow.  Although the current paper assumes billions of years of evolution, it’s a problem for evolutionists of all stripes: atheistic, deistic and theistic.  Why?  They all need billions of years.  Theistic evolutionists, for instance, would need for God to intervene and move the earth as the habitable zone evolves. If the solar system were created much more recently, this is not a problem at all.  The hopes of Carl Sagan and other astronomers of the 1980s for billions and billions of worlds filled with life are looking more simplistic with each new discovery.  The earth is looking more Biblical all the while. The chemistry of a parent star can have drastic effects on the habitability of an earth-like planet.Scientists at the University of Arizona have added another factor to consider when looking for habitable planets.  PhysOrg reported,As a star evolves, it becomes brighter, causing the habitable zone to move outwards through its solar system. The team’s study indicates that a greater abundance of oxygen, carbon, sodium, magnesium and silicon should be a plus for an inner solar system’s long-term habitability because the abundance of these elements make the star cooler and cause it to evolve more slowly, thereby giving planets in its habitable zone more time to develop life as we know it….The stellar abundance of oxygen seems crucial in determining how long planets stay in the habitable zone around their host star. If there had been less oxygen in the Sun’s chemical makeup, for example, Earth likely would have been pushed out of the Sun’s habitable zone about a billion years ago, well before complex organisms evolved. Considering the first complex multicellular organisms only arose about 650 million years ago, such a move would have likely destroyed any chance of complex life taking hold on Earth.There are probably other factors, too: “Habitability is very difficult to quantify because it depends on a huge number of variables, some of which we have yet to identify,” said the university’s assistant professor of School of Earth and Space Exploration, Patrick  Young.Update 9/11/2012: The BBC News claims that habitable planets may be more abundant due to the fact that water can exist under the surface, even outside the habitable zone where liquid water can exist.  There are, however, constraints on how long a body’s internal heat can last.  Water is not alive; many other factors are required for life.  Even if life were possible in a deep, dark, subsurface ocean, it would not be the kind humans would be able to learn about or would want to contact.  That being so, it remains a theoretical possibility only, not conducive to observation.Let’s tally up the factors we’ve reported so far that make the “Goldilocks Zone” more complicated than just allowing for liquid water:center_img (Visited 55 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

first_img(Visited 714 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 If one of your major model inputs is off by up to 50%, what does that do to the precision of your predictions about degrees of temperature change a century from now?The politics of climate change rests on scientific models, about which the consensus voices audacious certainty. The press browbeats “climate skeptics” as denialists or worse, and pads their triumphant announcements with statistics on how many scientists agree that global warming is real, and is one of the biggest threats facing humanity.Against that backdrop, look what Ohio State News announced this week: “How much snow accumulates in North America each year? More than scientists thought.” How much more? “If distributed evenly, 7.5 inches of snow would cover the entire continent.” That’s a lot of snow. And that’s a lot of error:There’s a lot more snow piling up in the mountains of North America than anyone knew, according to a first-of-its-kind study.Scientists have revised an estimate of snow volume for the entire continent, and they’ve discovered that snow accumulation in a typical year is 50 percent higher than previously thought.In the journal Geophysical Research Letters, researchers at The Ohio State University place the yearly estimate at about 1,200 cubic miles of snow accumulation. If spread evenly across the surface of the continent from Canada to Mexico, the snow would measure a little over 7.5 inches deep. If confined to Ohio, it would bury the state under 150 feet of snow.If the climate models are so reliable, one would think the inputs are reliable, too. The paper, however, begins, “Despite the importance of mountain snowpack to understanding the water and energy cycles in North America’s montane regions, no reliable mountain snow climatology exists for the entire continent.” Given America’s pre-eminent position in science, it seems likely that the snowfall estimates for Asia, Africa and the other continents are even less reliable.Mountains hold more snow than thought. Photo by David Coppedge.Old estimates tended to focus on flat plains, but mountains (which are harder to get measurements from) hold the vast majority of snow. The Canadian Rockies and 10 other mountain ranges hold 60% of snowpack despite having only 25% of the land surface. The old estimates had things backwards:Whereas scientists previously thought the continent held a little more than 750 cubic miles of snow each year, the Ohio State researchers found the total to be closer to 1,200 cubic miles.They actually measure snow-water equivalent, the amount of water that would form if the snow melted—at about a 3-to-1 ratio. For North America, the snow-water equivalent would be around 400 cubic miles of water—enough to flood the entire continent 2.5 inches deep, or the state of Ohio 50 feet deep.And while previous estimates placed one-third of North American snow accumulation in the mountains and two-thirds on the plains, the exact opposite turned out to be true: Around 60 percent of North American snow accumulation happens in the mountains, with the Canadian Rockies holding as much snow as the other 10 mountain ranges in the study combined.The researchers realize this is extremely important to the proper understanding of climate change. Michael Durand, professor who oversaw the data collection by two grad students, came very close to calling this a ‘whoops’ moment for the global climate community:“Each of these ranges is a huge part of the climate system,” Durand said, “but I don’t think we realized how important the Canadian Rockies really are. We hope that by drawing attention to the importance of the mountains, this work will help spur development in understanding how mountains fit into the large-scale picture.”At least snow sits long enough for satellites and ground crews to take measurements if they can get to them. Some climate inputs are even more sketchy to measure: clouds, for instance, which are constantly changing. Temperature data points are always oscillating every day and night on every point on the globe and through the seasons. Exactly how reliable are climate models?Climate change is off-topic for CEH, but the principle here applies to other matters of consensus. Like the Darwin Party consensus, the global-warming consensus tends to be audacious and overconfident, influencing governments of the world with their highly public warnings at global summits. Everyone assumes the models are correct or close to correct, but here is one input that was 50% wrong, and was wrong the wrong way. It makes the earth colder, not warmer! Climate science is mostly about observable, measurable data, except when researchers make assumptions about past climate millions of years ago, or try to predict future climate trends for decades or a century. How much more unreliable are Darwinian assumptions about the unobservable past? The only record of the past, the fossil record, shows mostly abrupt appearance, stasis and extinction – not evolution. This leads to a law of science: audacity in a consensus is directly proportional to uncertainty in the data.last_img read more

first_img SharePrint RelatedInside Geocaching HQ Podcast Transcript (Episode 2): Souvenirs, APE cache rediscoveryMay 10, 2018In “Community”Groundspeak Weekly Newsletter – June 22, 2011June 22, 2011In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”Geocache Icon Run: find the most cache types in one dayApril 19, 2018In “Community” Geocaching Block Party: August 20, 2011The Geocaching Block Party is just over two weeks away! The prizes have arrived at HQ, the t-shirts are ordered and the weather’s going to be great (if we have anything to say about it). If you are joining us for the party, you can find a map and a schedule of the day’s activities on the cache page.We recommend that those participating in the Geocaching Adventure Courses bring their GPS device and its corresponding download cable so that we can load course coordinates onto your device. We will have a few cables on hand, but it is safest to bring your own just in case we don’t have the type that you need.We also want to see your most creative cache containers! Have you turned a bike into a cache container or created a cache that can only be opened by a team of geocachers singing “Happy Birthday?” People will be showcasing their best cache containers in the meet-up lounge from 1:30-2 pm. If your cache has already been placed in the wild, please come by the lounge to talk about it. Hopefully you will inspire other geocachers with your creativity! If you have a collection of Trackables, bring those to the party as well. Trackables will be shared in the meet-up lounge from 12-1 pm.Attendees at the Block Party will receive a special icon, which is now up on the Event Cache page. If you are not able to make it this year, we encourage you to find a geocaching event in your area so that you can celebrate the first International Geocaching Day with your fellow geocachers! You will have the chance to obtain the Block Party icon again on August 18, 2012 – the second International Geocaching Day.Benefits of Adding Home CoordinatesPlease enter your home coordinates so we can provide information on new geocaches and geocaching events near you.Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more