Second Biotechnology WaveOn the heels of the first wave, he said, is a second wave of biotechnology: Discoveries will shift the emphasis to products that include enhanced human foods, livestock and industrial products and pharmaceuticals.”Over the next five years, biotechnology will develop many more products that will radically change American agriculture,” Phillips predicted. “One extremely exciting area of research and development is the use of animals in pharmaceutical production. The most promising work is in milk and eggs.”Sheep’s milk has been used in cystic fibrosis treatment, goats’ milk in cancer therapy and mice’s milk for arthritis treatment. Chicken eggs have also been used for treating the flu.”And the production of therapeutic proteins doesn’t cause any ill effects to the animal involved,” Phillips said.Reduced-fat Animal ProductsAnimals are being engineered to reduce fat, too, and to have less environmental impact.While plants are being developed to deliver more nutrition, safer foods and even vaccines, some of the most interesting developments are in industrial chemicals.”Research indicates that plants can be modified to produce proteins that become components of detergents, nylon, glue, paints, lubricants and plastics,” Phillips said. “The potential is very high that plants can be the source of biodegradable plastic polymers that will benefit the environmental quality. We are viewing plants in a new way: as minifactories.”Phillips urged everyone to work together to achieve the promise of the technology. “It will require creative and sustained leadership from both (public and private) sectors to make it happen,” he said. Increased fertilizer efficiency.More flexible weed control, especially for soybeans.Greater use of conservation tillage, protecting water quality and preventing soil erosion. Vaccine shots may soon be as comforting as eating mashed potatoes, as tasty as snacking on a banana or as refreshing as eating a salad.”Very promising research is resulting in foods that may one day contain vaccines,” said Michael Phillips, executive director for food and agriculture at the Biotechnology Industry Organization. Phillips delivered the 2001 D.W. Brooks Lecture at the University of Georgia in Athens, Ga., Oct. 1.”Transgenic potatoes may carry the vaccine for hepatitis B, bananas may contain a cholera vaccine and lettuce a vaccine for measles,” he said. “This is especially important for the developing world, where it’s very expensive to purchase, transport and store vaccines.”Where vaccines require refrigeration or must be transported to remote areas, he said, food-borne vaccines would be especially helpful.Biotech Crops Widely AcceptedThe first wave of biotech crops — those containing insect- and disease-resistant properties — have been widely adopted in historic proportions.”Today they’re planted on more than 100 million acres around the world,” Phillips said. “In the United States, in only five years, more than 65 percent of the soybeans, almost 70 percent of the cotton and 25 percent of the corn are varieties that have been enhanced through the use of biotechnology. For hybrid corn, one of the most recent technological revolutions in agriculture, it took almost 30 years to reach comparable adoption rates.”These adoption rates have been mirrored in other countries. In Canada, more than 65 percent of the canola, almost 50 percent of the corn and about 20 percent of soybeans are varieties improved though biotechnology.Farmers’ Competitive Edge”At least 20 percent of the soybeans grown in Brazil today are Roundup-Ready soybeans smuggled in from Argentina,” Phillips said. “That’s how desperate farmers are to get their hands on this technology. They don’t want to lose the competitive edge.”Phillips attributes the rapid acceptance to farmers’ economic bottom line. “It either increases their yields or decreases input costs, or both,” he said.The most obvious savings for farmers has been chemical pesticide inputs. The National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy reports that cotton pesticide usage has declined by more than 50 percent.Phillips said research is also documenting:
The Harrison Wildcats defeated The East Central Trojans 21-17 in The I-74 Border War.EC vs Harrison Football (8-29)After a scoreless first quarter, both teams scored touchdowns in the second quarter to make the score 7-7 at halftime.Harrison scored a touchdown on their first drive in the third quarter to take a 14-7 lead. EC added a field goal to make it 14-10 after three quarters.The Trojans took their first lead in the game, 17-14, with a touchdown in the fourth quarter. However, The Wildcats followed up with the game winning touchdown to take the lead at 21-17. EC had a chance to win the game driving to Harrison’s 6 yard line, but fell short.The Trojans fall to 0-2 on the season while The Wildcats start their season with a win.EC will be on the road again next Friday night and in Ohio to battle The LaSalle Lancers. Kickoff will be at 7:30.Listen to the game on www.wrbiradio.com.Courtesy of EC Trojans statistician Stweart Durham.
Multiple sources confirmed a report Sunday that Seager was scheduled to be promoted to Double-A Chattanooga after the game. The Dodgers haven’t made an official announcement, though Seager’s name had been removed from Single-A Rancho Cucamonga’s online roster by Sunday afternoon. He wasn’t on Chattanooga’s roster yet, either.Seager, 20, is ranked among the top 30 prospects in baseball by Baseball America, Baseball Prospectus and MLB.com. He batted .352 with 18 home runs, 70 RBIs and a California League-leading .633 slugging percentage with Rancho Cucamonga.The Futures Game is showcase game for the top-rated minor-league prospects. The Home Run Derby will be played in Minneapolis today and the All-Star game will be played there Tuesday.Figgins to rehabChone Figgins, on the disabled list since June 14 with a left hip flexor strain, said he will begin a minor-league rehabilitation stint Thursday with Triple-A Albuquerque. He’s not sure how long he’ll need after missing 28 games leading into the all-star break. Dodgers prospects Corey Seager and Julio Urias left an impression at the annual Futures Game at Minneapolis’ Target Field on Sunday. At least one of them won’t be in Single-A much longer. The 17-year-old Urias became the youngest player to appear in the Futures Game when he pitched the fifth inning for the World team. Urias pitched a scoreless inning, throwing 14 pitches and striking out one batter. His fastball was clocked as fast as 95 mph, according to MLB’s official speed-tracking software.Seager lined out to end the first inning, and was hit by a pitch in his back but remained in the game, in his only two plate appearances. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error “It’ll be the same as when I went down and played there the first time,” Figgins said, referring to when he was optioned to Triple-A in late April. “They’ll move me around (the field). Hopefully I can get a lot of work in.”Friday, Figgins reported a grabbing sensation in the area of his left hip when he attempted to steal a base in drills, but he said that was the only lingering symptom of the original injury. (The team originally called Figgins’ injury a left quad strain, but Figgins said it was a hip flexor.) Now he believes the sensation was a byproduct of a lack of physical activity.“I think it’s going to continue to get stronger,” he said.Figgins said he will work out at Dodger Stadium on Tuesday and Wednesday under the guidance of team trainers.The Triple-A All-Star Game between the Pacific Coast League and the International League is Wednesday. The Isotopes begin an eight-game homestand the following day.The Dodgers hit the road after the all-star break, visiting St. Louis, Pittsburgh and San Francisco before returning home July 29. It’s probable that Figgins will rejoin the team by the end of the month.Figgins has a .217 batting average and a .373 on-base percentage in 38 games this season.Etc.Justin Turner was the designated hitter for Single-A Rancho Cucamonga Sunday in his first minor-league rehabilitation game since going on the disabled list June 29 with a left hamstring strain. He walked in his first two at-bats … Josh Beckett (left hip impingement) is tentatively scheduled to start July 22 against the Pittsburgh Pirates, the first day he’s eligible to return from the disabled list. “He’s getting better,” Dodgers manager Don Mattingly said. “When’s he going to come off? We’re not 100 percent sure. But we’re hoping he can make that start the second day in Pittsburgh. We’ll have guys lined up in the minor leagues. We’re still sitting here with (Paul Maholm) capable of making that start. We’re prepared for it one way or another. It’s not a rush to make that decision.” … The Dodgers optioned reliever Pedro Baez to Triple-A Albuquerque. A corresponding roster move will be announced after the All-Star break. Baez pitched a scoreless inning Tuesday in Detroit in his only appearance since being recalled.
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