In the five days since President Donald Trump signed an executive order on immigration, the approximately 30 Notre Dame students from the affected countries, and the staff who assist them, have been uncertain about their futures.“This is a big change, a big sudden change,” Arman Mirhashemi, a Ph.D. candidate in aerospace and mechanical engineering from Iran, said. “You don’t expect it, so you don’t know what to do with it.”The executive order, issued Friday, stops U.S. visas from being issued to nationals of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria and Yemen for 90 days; changes rules regarding refugees and Syrian nationals specifically; and calls for a review of the visa adjudication process, with the goal of preventing terrorism.Emily McConville | The Observer Notre Dame International’s (NDI) Director of International Programs, Rosemary Max, said most of the approximately 30 students from the countries affected by the order are graduate students in STEM fields, and many come from Iran. In addition, there are also “a handful of faculty handled by the order,” as well as two visiting professors who were slated to arrive next week, but now are most likely not able to enter the United States, University spokesman Dennis Brown said. While all the current students were safely on campus when it was issued, Max said the order still affects them. “These are students who are busy doing amazing things for us,” she said. “They have family members in other countries. Some of them have spouses in another country that they were hoping to go and see very soon, and so there are questions about whether they will be able to do those things in the next 90 days or not, and what will happen after that — we just don’t know.” The order sparked protests around the country, including in South Bend. On Sunday, University President Fr. John Jenkins released a statement, condemning the order as “sweeping, indiscriminate and abrupt,” and urging Trump to rescind it. Saint Mary’s President Jan Cervelli also condemned the order. According to Mana Derekshani, director of the Center for Women’s Intercultural Leadership, no students of the College are from the affected countries. Soon after the order was issued, students from the seven affected countries received an email advising them not to leave the country. Max said students were invited to come into or email Notre Dame International if they had further questions — but there was not much information to give in response. For several days, the status of people from the affected countries who have green cards was still unclear. The Trump administration said Sunday green-card holders would not be prevented from entering.Some Notre Dame students who are citizens of one of the seven countries affected are also citizens of a country the administration did not name. Initially, dual citizens were included under the ban, but Max said dual citizens of some countries may soon be able to enter — but it isn’t clear which ones. “Someone from the U.K. but [who] was born in Syria might be able to travel, but it’s too early to tell,” she said. “It’s still very murky. I would say one thing is what’s on paper and what’s actually happening at the border — we’re trying to get our mind around those two things, so we can see how best to advise our students.” In addition, Max said it isn’t clear whether students can change their visa status from, say, a student visa to a work visa if they want to get a job. That, Mirhashemi said, is a concern of many students set to graduate this spring. He said a common path for students after school is to get a temporary work visa in their field of study. “Everything is on hold — all petitions and everything for anybody with Iranian origin, as well as the other six countries,” he said. Unlike many Iranian students, Mirhashemi, who has been in the United States for seven years, has permanent residency, as opposed to a nonimmigrant student visa. But over the weekend, he spearheaded an effort to write a letter to Jenkins expressing concern over the scope of the executive order and gratitude towards Jenkins for his statement against it. 21 students from the affected countries signed it — 19 from Iran, one from Syria and one from Iraq. Mirhashemi, who was involved in political and human rights activism in Iran, said Trump reminds him of former Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who was hostile to the United States, in that “both see the world in a binary.” He said he worries the order is contradictory to American values. “When you’re looking at the United States, you’re looking at a country with a rich history toward freedom and justice,” he said. “So you don’t expect this happens in such a country. I think part of my concerns from this are what is going to happen both for me and — it’s not only something that affects the U.S. It affects everywhere.” Max said she hopes Trump will issue another executive order clarifying certain points in the first order, at which point NDI may host a forum to answer questions. In the meantime, she said the University would continue to support those students. “International students — when they come here — there are so many barriers already to get here in terms of traveling, visa, expenses, new culture — and so just maybe keep in mind that these are people who are quite resilient. They’re great resources for our community, and students should feel free to reach out to them and talk to them, and welcome them again especially in this time,” she said. Tags: Donald Trump, executive order, Immigration, Iran, Refugees
The league has introduced blanket coronavirus testing at clubs and is eager to finish the season by the end of June. That is when some player contracts expire.The push to resume has faced a backlash. There have been at least 11 positive tests of players and staff since testing began last week and Hertha Berlin forward Salomon Kalou was suspended after posting a video showing social distancing measures being flouted at the club.___More AP sports: https://apnews.com/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6 Paris Saint-Germain has donated 100,000 euros ($108,000) to the Action Against Hunger charity amid the coronavirus pandemic.The money provides charity workers helping those at risk with protective equipment such as surgical masks, goggles, gloves, gowns, gels and thermometers.The Parc des Princes has been operating as a support base for the charity in the Greater Paris region.PSG says club volunteers have helped charity staff “make, assemble and store hygiene kits and health equipment for those most at risk.” More than 2,000 people have benefited from hygiene and household kits.PSG president Nasser al-Khelaïfi says the charity’s “wide-ranging work in many fields is more essential than ever.” Most of the other Italian league clubs are resuming training on an individual basis this week before full team training restarts on May 18.___The Croatian soccer federation says it wants to restart the season on May 30 with the cup semifinals.The country’s 10-team league is set to resume with all games in empty stadiums on June 6 amid the coronavirus pandemic.The Croatian federation is led by former player and UEFA executive committee member Davor Suker. It says final approval must come from public authorities. Lower-level leagues will not be completed. The Belgian soccer league says it will respect the national security council’s decision. The league recommended last month ending its season with the current standings declared final.The league says “the working group’s proposals will be presented to the Pro League clubs at the general assembly on May 15.”Club Brugge stands to be awarded the title and qualify for next season’s Champions League if the advice is confirmed. Brugge is currently 15 points ahead of second-place Gent with one game to go before the season-ending playoffs.___The Russian anti-doping agency plans to resume testing this month. The Latest: Belgium says all sports suspended until July 31 Dinamo Zagreb leads the league by 18 points over Rijeka with 10 matches remaining.Four clubs are in contention for the runner-up spot and a place in the qualifying rounds of the Champions League.___Soccer players in Spain are going back to their team’s training camps for the first time since the country entered a lockdown nearly two months ago because of the coronavirus outbreak.Players for Barcelona, Real Madrid and other clubs arrived for medical tests and to start preparing for the return to training this week. ___The Turkish soccer league plans to resume on June 12, finish its season by the end of July and host the Champions League final in Istanbul in August.Turkey suspended its soccer, basketball and volleyball leagues because of the coronavirus outbreak on March 20.Turkish soccer federation president Nihat Ozdemir says “we are aiming to end the season on July 26 by playing seven weekends and one weekday game.”Ozdemir says the games will be played without spectators and the Turkish health ministry and its scientific advisory council will determine the conditions and guidelines under which the games will go ahead. ___Inter Milan has postponed the return of its players to the training field because not everyone on the team has been tested for the coronavirus.Serie A players are set to resume practice this week under a strict set of guidelines amid the pandemic and Inter was slated to restart on Wednesday.But Inter’s Suning Center remains closed and is now expected to reopen at the end of the week.Inter’s team doctor was one of three Serie A physicians who were hospitalized with the virus. CEO Yuri Ganus says testing will start again in the last 10 days of May with a “balanced, selective and focused” approach as the agency tries to make up for a lengthy stoppage.Testing was suspended at the end of March when Russian President Vladimir Putin asked people to stay home unless they were working in designated essential sectors.Ganus says that during the stoppage “we have been carrying out all the work of a national anti-doping agency except for the testing.” That covers areas such as education, investigations and planning for future tests.Anti-doping work worldwide has come to a near-standstill during the coronavirus pandemic. That has raised fears that some athletes could take advantage and cheat.The Russian agency issued staff with disinfectant wipes and face masks before the stoppage and also offered athletes masks to wear while being tested. Associated Press Purslow says “we have six home games left to play so any Villa fan would agree that giving up that advantage is a massive decision for somebody running Aston Villa and I certainly wouldn’t agree to that unless the circumstances are right.”Villa is in next-from-last place in the Premier League and two points from safety with 10 games remaining.___German soccer could be cleared to resume when Chancellor Angela Merkel meets with the governors of the country’s 16 states.The dpa news agency reports that May 15 and 21 are being considered by the federal government as start dates for the Bundesliga. ___Aston Villa chief executive Christian Purslow says Premier League clubs have yet to settle on protocols to ensure a safe return to playing during the coronavirus pandemic.The league is trying to find a way to resume in June but group practice sessions have not yet started.Purslow tells talkSPORT radio that “we haven’t got to the crucial protocols that relate to actually playing football. Until we crack the code of making our great contact sports safe then the conversation we’re having is hypothetical.”Aston Villa has joined Brighton and West Ham in expressing public opposition to the current “Project Restart” plan that would see all remaining games played at neutral stadiums. May 6, 2020 Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___Belgian Prime Minister Sophie Wilmes says all sporting competitions in the country will remain suspended until July 31 because of the coronavirus pandemic. The majority did not wear masks or gloves. Lionel Messi and Luis Suárez were among those without masks when they drove into Barcelona’s training center. Antoine Griezmann, Arturo Vidal and Ivan Rakitic had masks on.Real Madrid players Gareth Bale, Luka Modric and Karim Benzema arrived without masks like most of their teammates.The training centers of all clubs were disinfected in the last couple of days. All players and members of the coaching staff are going to be tested for COVID-19 before training can resume.Players will initially train individually. The league wants a training period of about a month before it can restart in empty stadiums. It hopes to resume sometime in June.___
Tunisia’s football federation are refusing to apologise to the Confederation of African Football after accusing them of cheating, a member of the federation’s executive committee was quoted as saying on Wednesday. In the wake of the violent scenes that followed Tunisia’s controversial elimination from the tournament by Equatorial Guinea last Saturday, the north Africans were fined $50,000.They were also ordered to say sorry for “insinuations of bias and lack of ethics against CAF and its officials, or to present irrefutable evidence to substantiate the accusations”.African football’s governing body gave Tunisia a deadline of midnight on Thursday to write a formal letter of apology or face the possibility of being disqualified from the next edition’s qualifiers, which start in June.Tunisia rejected this after a meeting of the federation’s executive committee in Tunis on Wednesday, the Tunisia agency ATAP reported.“Our investigation into the affair and the opinion of neutrals is that we suffered scandalous injustice from referees. Not only in the match against Equatorial Guinea but right from the start of the tournament,” committee member Hichem Ben Omrane was quoted as saying.“We will explain all of this to CAF at a meeting,” he added. CAF fined Tunisia for what it termed “the aggressive attitude of some supporters in the stands, invasion of the pitch after the final whistle by players and substitutes of the Tunisian team — insulting the referee of the match and trying to physically assault him — and the regrettable behaviour of the president of the Tunisian Football Federation, Wadie Jary”.Jary went onto the field to remonstrate with the match officials.CAF also said Tunisia’s players broke a changing room door and a fridge. The governing body suspended Mauritius referee Rajindraparsad Seechurn for his inability to control the match and took him off Africa’s elite panel.Equatorial Guinea, who were also fined $5,000 after several spectators invaded the pitch to celebrate, beat Tunisia 2-1 having equalised after being awarded a dubious penalty on the stroke of fulltime.They then scored a stunning free kick in extra time to claim an unlikely semi-final berth. Their coach Esteban Becker was unsympathetic to Tunisia’s protests.“It’s logical that a team will be sad if they lose against a theoretically smaller team,” Becker said.”But that doesn’t justify things that don’t belong in football… Tunisia played a very dirty game; they tried to intimidate the smaller Equatorial Guinea players, this has no place in fair play.”
13 June 2014 A stunning hat-trick between the 43rd and 48th minutes by South African drag-flick king Justin Reid-Ross helped the men in green and gold to an impressive 6-2 victory over Malaysia and a final placing of eleventh at the Hockey World Cup in The Hague on Thursday. Incredibly, South Africa had trailed 0-1 at half-time, but Reid-Ross’ three goals, plus goals from Lloyd Norris-Jones, captain Austin Smith and Pierre de Voux took Fabian Gregory’s men to a fine victory. Firhan Ashari netted in the first half for the Malaysians, while a superb Shahrun Abdulla shot 49 seconds from the final whistle made the final score a little better for the Asian side.Deadly penalty corners Reid-Ross, who had an inspired match, both on attack and in defence, sent the ball whistling past hapless Malaysia goalkeeper Kumar Subramiam from the penalty spot in the 43rd minute, then delivered a drag-flick at a fearsome speed that nearly took the keeper’s head off two minutes later before nailing down another penalty corner in the 48th minute that threatened to break the back of the net. South Africa’s fourth goal was fittingly scored by the fleet-footed Norris-Jones, who took advantage of Smith’s slide-rule through-pass, and broke into the 23-metre area before entering the strike zone and smashing the ball past an advancing Subramiam. The Malaysian net-minder enjoyed a decent tournament, but in the playoff contest the South Africans got on top of him. In the face of extreme pressure, caused by a clumsy defence whose members too often used their bodies to bump the South Africans off the ball, Subramiam was made to struggle.Pressure The numerous penalty corners the South African strikers were able to win in the second half reflected the pressure the front-runners put the Malaysian defence under after the changeover, with the match taking a dramatic turn in the South Africa’s favour. To add insult to injury, Smith also nailed down a superb penalty corner drag-flick goal in the 64th minute, while striker De Voux completed the rout one minute from the final whistle. Yet the first half reflected much of South Africa’s woes in their Group matches, with the team’s lack of cohesion after being able to spend only two weeks together before the tournament being the players’ biggest problem.History World number 12 South Africa and world number 13 Malaysia have a history of close tussles in recent years and the full-time professional, well-paid Malaysians enjoy a national programme, while the men in green and gold have no such advantages. Rassie Pieterse, in the goals, was instrumental in keeping South Africa in the game when things weren’t going their way, but there was little he could do in the 26th minute when Malaysia forward Firhan Ashari exhibited excellent close control to evade defenders in the strike zone and slip the ball past the goalie. With five minutes to the break, Fitri Saari forced a penalty corner and Pieterse was on hand to make an acrobatic stick-save out to his right. Defender Rhett Halkett also had a very good game, and not just as a stopper of attacks. Several of his passes created chances for his team-mates, while South African midfielder and vice-captain Wade Paton, a player who does the unfashionable hard graft that allows others to shine, drew praise from head coach Fabian Gregory for soldiering on during the tournament despite a debilitating injury.Women’s playoff match Meanwhile, the Investec South Africa women’s hockey team will meet an old foe when they take on world number nine Japan in the playoff for ninth place at 10:00 on Friday. The Japanese women somewhat controversially edged South Africa, also in the playoff for ninth place, at the London 2012 Olympic Games, and the girls in green and gold will be determined to turn the tables this time round and end World Cup 2014 on a high, particularly as the Investec Cup looms in London mid-July, to be followed by the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow towards the end of next August. SAinfo reporter
South Africa’s presence is increasing in Africa, with local brands able to shape the culture of shopping in countries like Nigeria, says Brand South Africa’s research manager, Petrus de Kock. South Africa is one of the top three countries of origin for foreign direct investment in Africa, meaning our companies have internationalised at a rapid pace since 1994.Between 2008-2013, the South African Reserve Bank approved nearly 1 000 large investments by South African corporations into 36 African countries. Brand South Africa general manager for research, Petrus de Kock.Petrus de KockThe dawn of a democratic dispensation in South Africa in 1994 did not only bring with it a bill of human rights, the right to vote, and freedom from oppression, but also led to a proverbial explosion of the country’s corporations onto the continent.Evidence of this proverbial explosion can be seen not only in the number of South African brands active in peer African markets, but also in the 2013 EY Africa Attractiveness Survey which indicates that the top three countries of origin for foreign direct investment (FDI) on the continent (by number of projects) are the UK at 104; the USA at 78; and South Africa with a total of 63 during 2013 alone. This means that since the end of apartheid South African corporates have internationalised at a significant pace, making the country one of the leading sources of investment on the continent.In the 2013 budget speech, the then minister of finance, Pravin Gordhan, indicated that during the 2008-2013 period the South African Reserve Bank approved nearly 1 000 large investments by South African corporations into 36 African countries. These are in many instances not insignificant projects, for example, the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) has investments in 41 projects across 17 countries that added to a cumulative African investment portfolio of R6.2 billion by 2012. These IDC-led investments are predominantly in mining, industrial infrastructure, agro-processing and tourism.The IDC is but one significant example. During 2014 Brand South Africa’s research into the country’s exposure to peer African markets from a business, government, and civil-society/cultural point of view finds that the country’s corporate brands (both private and parastatals) have played, and will continue to play, a crucial role in carrying the nation’s flag across the continent. For this reason Brand South Africa set out to, in a more systematic manner, research the profile of the nation brand, how South Africa and South Africans are perceived on the continent, and additionally to identify opportunities and challenges South Africans, South African brands, and generally speaking the nation brand faces when investing in, trading with, interfacing or interacting with markets across Africa.From the fieldwork and related research it has become apparent that if South Africa, and South Africans are known for a few key attributes of features then in Nigeria one finds significant interest in South African corporate brands’ managerial and corporate governance capability. In Kenya fieldwork found that while there may be some criticisms of the South African personality (more on that in a moment), products and services from South African suppliers, retailers or service providers are often cited as reputable, reliable, and in some cases competitively priced.In some markets, such as Nigeria, several interviewees indicated that Shoprite’s entry has to some extent changed the shopping culture. This implies that South African brands have not only internationalised, but have in the intervening twenty years of democracy become well known, and respected for rendering quality services & products.Any South African who may suddenly develop a craving for a Spur or Steers “fix” – outlets can be found in Lagos and Nairobi. South African banks such as Stanbic have made it easy to transact, draw cash, and pay for services in the markets where it has a presence. Metropolitan Life in Ghana offers increasingly sophisticated insurance solutions to a growing business and consumer market. In Nigeria the Protea and Southern Sun hotel groups have become well established brands that form part of the Nigerian hospitality industry. Also in Ghana, corporates such as AFGRI, John Deere and smaller South African service providers deliver valuable services in the agriculture, plumbing, electrical, engineering, and automotive spaces.This means that the profile of the South African brand in markets such as Kenya, Nigeria, and Ghana (the countries focused on in the 2014 phase of the SA Inc project) is quite diverse, and by and large each market has unique reasons to accept, use, buy and interact with South African brands, products and services.However, while there is a lot to celebrate in terms of the significant economic and business ties that have developed during the past twenty years, Brand South Africa’s fieldwork research in Kenya, Nigeria and Ghana during 2014 also uncovered some important findings regarding challenges, particularly focused on market entry strategy some corporates have faced in their efforts at entering these markets.Learning to listenFieldwork interviews in Kenya and Nigeria indicate that South Africans can from time to time come across as somewhat aggressive, imposing and unwilling to listen to the advice from partners or local advisors. This raises an important issue pertaining to the internationalisation strategy South African corporates deploy when considering entry into peer African markets.Typical market entry strategy will consider “hard factors” such as: Any internationalisation strategy has to consider inherent risks pertaining to the sector, local competition or international presence, the policy and regulatory environment of the market; In order to mitigate the unique market entry risks corporate leaders must assess risks and then decide on an appropriate strategy such as: Will the company go and establish a o Should the company seek local partnerships and/or shareholders to create joint ventures, or Should the company operate in a foreign market by licensing the firm’s products in another market to be distributed and marketed by local partners.The above are but a few of the somewhat challenging questions corporate leaders, marketers, and strategists face when deciding to internationalise and expand into foreign markets be they on the continent, or further afield in emerging markets or so-called developed economies.Seeing that the Sub-Saharan African economy has been growing at significant rates during the past decade, opportunities for expansion onto the continent have expanded. However, during fieldwork interviews in all three markets it became apparent that perceptions of corporate brands, South African individuals, and the country as a whole, plays an important role in managing relationships.For example, in both Kenya and Ghana interviewees (both South Africans in these markets and local businesses or corporate leaders) indicated that the success of a market entry strategy relies on the ability to take the above decisions on “hard issues” including elements noted above. However, the perception of personalities, and the manner in which South Africans interact with local business partners can in some instances cause deals to fail.The above means that one of the key findings of Brand SA’s research is that the success or failure of a corporate market entry strategy often hinges on the “soft factors” as well. These include an awareness of, and willingness to learn from partners, advisors, or South African individuals or corporates with experience in the market. In Kenya as well as Ghana local advisors often indicated that South African corporates are good with dealing with the hard issues, but when it comes to understanding local business culture, nuances in the use of language, and etiquette associated with social and business interactions with local stakeholders often lead to misunderstandings and failure to develop synergy at an interpersonal level.In Ghana, for example, an interviewee (a South African with more than fifteen years of experience with doing business in West Africa – particularly Nigeria and Ghana) indicated that corporates from South Africa in some instances think that they can proverbially ‘go it alone’ through the market entry process. Such processes often entail complex business registration and licencing procedures, tax compliance and expat quota management to name but a few unique challenges corporates may face when entering markets. Furthermore, unheeded advice from local partners, or advisors such as the case mentioned here, can often mean disaster and massive loss of capital due to deals that go wrong.Key lessons & recommendations to draw from the fieldwork The South African corporate brand profile on the continent is extremely diverse; South Africa, as third largest source of FDI on the continent can continue to play a pivotal role in the diversification of economies in peer African markets to the mutual benefit of the nations concerned; In all three markets where fieldwork was conducted this year a bi-national business chamber exists. From a strategic point of view government and business from SA already active in these markets, or intending to expand there, can utilise these as strategic platforms for a range of services, such as: Introductions to possible local partners, advisors, suppliers, service providers; A platform to share knowledge, build insight and networks to understand local business environment; Develop relations with local partners not only to grow business, but also to get exposure to the local business culture, and national culture generally; Such platforms that typically involve the South African High Commissions or Embassies in the markets can with increased support fulfil a critical bridging function that can soften the landing of SA corporates in peer markets.The lesson to draw from this is that while South African corporates have exploded across the continent post-1994, a lot of work remains to be done to understand the unique hard and soft factors that may impact on the internationalisation- and market entry strategies of South African corporates across the continent.As the National Development Plan outlines, South Africa aims to expand not only its own trade with African markets, but essentially to support the gradual increase of volumes of intra-African trade. This has to be facilitated and supported with relevant policy, infrastructural and innovative solutions. To this end Brand South Africa’s SA Inc research project aims to bring new insights to the fore that can assist governmental, business, and civil-society stakeholders when engaging with markets, people, businesses, universities, or cultural activities.Finally, the conclusion is that South Africans may have to learn how to listen more carefully to the advice of local partners, advisors, or friends. By learning to listen, we will be better equipped to listen in order to learn more about the soft factors that can sometimes come and bedevil the best laid corporate internationalisation strategy.This research note was republished in volume 26, issue two of PMR Africa magazine.
The town of Sharpeville will forever be entrenched in South Africa’s rich history. (Image: If I Could Blog)South Africa’s Human Rights Day, 21 March – declared International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination by the UN – is synonymous with the historic township Sharpeville, situated between the industrial cities of Vanderbijlpark and Vereeniging about 50 kilometres south of Johannesburg.The day, sometimes also called Heroes’ Day, was a watershed in the country’s liberation struggle, hence its inclusion in South Africa’s post-apartheid calendar. Yet more than 55 years on, the question still surfaces: what exactly happened that morning?“With hindsight, the story is simple,” Journalist Joe Tlholoe, who was a high school pupil at the time, wrote years later. “The PAC, which was 16 days short of its first birthday, had called on African men to leave their pass books at home, go to the nearest police station and demand to be arrested for not carrying the dompas.”The apartheid pass laws humiliated African men in particular. Every indigenous African male above the age of 16 had to carry his dompas day and night and produce it on demand by the police. Failure to produce your pass or forgetting it at home, or not having the right stamp, meant arrest and jail.“When the police in Sharpeville saw the masses marching towards them, they panicked and opened fire, killing the 69 and injuring hundreds,” Tlholoe wrote. “The country went up in flames as anger spread through townships across the country. More were killed in the days after Sharpeville.”The timeline shows how it came to be such an important day in South Africa’s history:A group, to become known as the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), breaks away from the African National Congress (ANC) on 2 November 1958;The PAC holds its inaugural congress at Soweto’s Orlando Communal Hall between 6 and 8 April 1959;Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, a 34-year-old lecturer in African languages at Wits University at the time, opens the congress and is elected president;In his first speech, he outlines the PAC’s policies and paints a picture of a South Africa after liberation that is non-racial, democratic and socialist;In July 1959, Sobukwe announces that the PAC will embark on a programme of “positive action” against oppression;In December 1959, he announces that the first target will be the pass laws;Sobukwe leads a march to Orlando Police Station in March 1960, where he and the party’s leadership are arrested, just after they learned of the massacre in Sharpeville;The journey to the recognition of basic human rights, now entrenched in the Bill of Rights in South Africa’s post-1994 Constitution, has begun in earnest.This is the timeline of the aftermath of the massacre:On 30 March 1960, following the declaration of a state of emergency, thousands of black people are arrested throughout the country;On 8 April 1960, the National Party (NP) government, under the leadership of apartheid architect Hendrik Verwoerd, bans the PAC and ANC, forcing the two movements to go underground and eventually into exile;The days of peaceful protest are over;In December 1961, the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto weSizwe, detonates its first bombs;Sobukwe, first sentenced to three years’ imprisonment on Robben Island for leading the anti-pass law protests, is kept in jail indefinitely under a special amendment to the General Laws Amendment Act – the Sobukwe Clause – which is rushed through Parliament;Released from Robben Island and banished to Kimberley in 1968, Sobukwe is already ill, and dies from cancer 10 years later, but the march for human rights and dignity continues;In 1986, under heavy pressure, rightist president PW Botha repeals the pass and influx control laws which curtailed the movement of blacks in their country of birth.On 8 May 1996, the ANC-led government choses Sharpeville as the venue to launch South Africa’s new Constitution, signed by its first democratically elected president, Nelson Mandela.
Ex-Chelsea striker Sutton: Lampard wouldn’t have signed Pulisicby Ansser Sadiq16 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Chelsea striker Chris Sutton does not believe that boss Frank Lampard would have signed Christian Pulisic.The American arrived at the club this summer, but his transfer was sealed in January with Borussia Dortmund.Pulisic has found it hard to earn game time at Chelsea, with the likes of Mason Mount, Callum Hudson-Odoi, Willian and Pedro preferred in the winger slots.And Sutton does not think the 21-year-old would have been a Lampard signing.”He has to prove himself,” Sutton told Radio 5 Live.”Frank Lampard has no agenda against him, he’s picking the best possible team to win games of football, that’s his job.”He wasn’t Frank’s signing, of course.”With [Callum] Hudson-Odoi and Mason Mount coming to the fore, he’s going to have a major issue getting into the starting line-up. I really do think that. I don’t see a way in for him at the moment.”Fifty-eight million, a lot of money to spend and it would be interesting to ask Frank now if he would sign him at this moment in time if he hadn’t signed him before? The answer to that, I think, is pretty obvious – he wouldn’t.”But, there’s a reason Chelsea spent the money on him, he’s still a young man and got enormous talent, he has to go out and show it. It’s good for Frank in terms of strength in depth.” About the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your say
CONCEPTION BAY SOUTH, N.L. – The new federal fisheries minister is offering more details on the recent cancellation of a controversial surf clam fishing licence given to a First Nations company with ties to the Liberal party.Ottawa said Friday the process to issue a fourth licence to harvest arctic surf clam off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia had been cancelled in early July, and that it won’t be issued this year at all.The multimillion-dollar licence awarded to the Five Nations Clam Co. was supposed to offer 25 per cent of the catch to local Indigenous communities.But it came under scrutiny after court documents suggested the company did not meet the federal government’s initial eligibility requirements, and that the company had close ties to the federal Liberal party — including former fisheries minister Dominic LeBlanc.In Conception Bay South, N.L., on Tuesday, new minister Jonathan Wilkinson said LeBlanc made the decision to cancel before he was shuffled out of the portfolio last month, and said it came after a “series of interactions” between the Five Nations Clam Co. and the department.The licence would have ended Clearwater Seafoods’ 19-year monopoly on the Arctic clam fishery.The award was supposed to promote reconciliation and economic growth within local Indigenous communities, but court documents suggested the company did not meet the federal government’s initial eligibility requirements.The Five Nations only had two Indigenous partners at the time the award was issued: the Elsipogtog First Nation in New Brunswick and the Nutashkuan Innu in Quebec.LeBlanc announced the award on Feb. 21, but records show that in its original proposal, Five Nations said it was not officially registered in Nova Scotia until Dec. 13, 2017 — well past the Nov. 22 proposal deadline to submit proposals.The company was not registered in New Brunswick until Feb. 28 of this year.Five Nations is partnered with Premium Seafoods, a non-Indigenous Nova Scotia company whose president is Edgar Samson, the brother of Liberal MP Darrell Samson. A newly added Indigenous partner, NunatuKavut, is headed by former Liberal MP Todd Russell.Conservative MP Todd Doherty has also drawn ties between the deal and LeBlanc himself: The Five Nations proposal said it would be headed up by Gilles Theriault, who is cousin to the former minister’s wife.Wilkinson said Tuesday cancelling the licence had “nothing to do with the ethics issue,” it had to do with the department’s interactions with Five Nations Clam Co.“I don’t think that the process itself was terribly at fault, and I certainly don’t think that Minister LeBlanc did anything inappropriate,” said Wilkinson.“There were interactions between the proponent and the department, and the minister came to the conclusion that the most appropriate course of action based on those interactions was to start again.”Wilkinson said the details of those interactions were “based on commercially confidential information” that he could not discuss.Representatives from the Five Nations Clam Co. and Clearwater Seafoods were not immediately available for comment.Wilkinson also met with provincial Fisheries Minister Gerry Byrne on Tuesday to discuss the surf clam catch and other issues.Byrne had previously said the licence process was “flawed,” that Indigenous communities were “pitted against each other” in the bid, and that the deal could cost jobs in the eastern part of the province.Byrne said Tuesday he was encouraged by their “very productive conversation,” and said he thought the new federal minister was “well-briefed” on the province’s point of view.“I acknowledged and appreciated his decision to look at the issue with fresh eyes, with a new lens or a new point of view, and decide to terminate the award,” Byrne said.A new process will begin next year for a licence that would be valid in 2020, with an “independent third party” evaluating the bids.Byrne recommended applying a principle of adjacency, where Indigenous communities closest to the resource are given priority.The Miawpukek Band in Newfoundland, which had submitted its own proposal during the original process, launched a court challenge alleging LeBlanc breached his duty of fairness in awarding the licence to Five Nations. The case was dropped in late June.The office of conflict of interest and ethics commissioner Mario Dion has also been looking into the issue.Wilkinson said Tuesday Five Nations could apply for the licence again.“The proponent obviously is disappointed, that’s understandable, but our hope is that the proponent will think about that and potentially regroup and provide another submission next time around.”
APTN National NewsThe Assembly of First Nations is talking infrastructure and housing in Toronto.One of the hot topics is how to build a stronger home.APTN’s Delaney Windigo has more.
APTN National NewsLike at other TRC national events, survivors of Canada’s residential schools lined up to talk about their experience in the state run institutions. For 140 years, children were taken from their families and put in schools that were designed to assimilate them into Canadian society.APTN’s Chris Stewart spoke with some of the survivors.